Timeline

1.     70,000-50,000 BCE  Beach Comber Migration Period

a.     The first Indians migrated out of Africa and south of the coast of the subcontinent.

2.     2500-1500 BCE Indus River Valley Civilization Period

a.     Agriculture and Seasonal cycles

b.     Matriarchal

c.      Goddess oriented

3.     1800 BCE Gangetic Plain Period

a.     Indus Valley civilization moves to Ganges plain as a result of climate change.

b.     Caste and jati become important

4.     1500-500 BCE Aryan Period

a.     Rig Veda composed in 1200 BCE

b.     Aryans invade Indus River Valley

c.      Nomadic, Horse Tamers

d.     Indra, Agni

5.     800-400 BCE Speculative Period

a.     Upanishads written

                                                                                                                                                 i.      Chandogya Upanishads Tat Tvam Asi

b.     Forest Sages

c.      Yoga

6.     563-486 Buddhism Period

a.     Mahavira (the last Tirtankara) 550-460 BCE

                                                                                                                                                 i.      Beginning of Jainism 500 BCE

b.     Mahabharata and Ramayana 500 BCE-200 CE

                                                                                                                                                 i.      Bhagvad Gita

1.     Arjuna and Krishna

2.     Do your duty

                                                                                                                                               ii.      Rama and Sita

1.     Do your duty

c.      Alexander the Great 326-325 BCE

                                                                                                                                                 i.      In his conquest of Asia is now in the Indus River Valley

d.     Chandragupta 321-298 BCE

                                                                                                                                                 i.      Founder Mauryan Empire

                                                                                                                                               ii.      Ranged from Himalayas to Deccan Plateau

                                                                                                                                            iii.      Impressed by Alexander

                                                                                                                                            iv.      Abdicated throne to became a Jain monk

                                                                                                                                               v.      Starved to death

e.      Reign of Asoka 269-233 BCE

                                                                                                                                                 i.      Grandson of Chandragupta

                                                                                                                                               ii.      Conquered Kalinga

                                                                                                                                            iii.      Massive casualties

                                                                                                                                            iv.      Moral epiphany and converted to Buddhism