I. Bhakti: Hindu Devotionalism
1. Rise of great theistic traditions associated particularly with Visnu but also with Siva and Devi the Goddess.
a. Beginnings of Hindu theism: Late Upanishads reflect the idea of a supreme, God or Goddess who generates cosmos, maintains it, destroys it.
Devotees to Siva = Saivas. Devotees to Visnu = Vaisnavas. Devotees to Devi = Shaktas
Three Narrative Traditions
1. The growth of Hindu theism and devotionalism reflected in narrative traditions of:
a. Itihasa: Mainly the Epics. Sanskrit
b. Puranas: Mythological and ritual treatises. Sanskrit. 18 major.
poetry. Vernacular languages
representation with discus, lotus, mace, and conch shell
2. 10 Avatara, including:
i. As youth
ii. As child
b. Rama: of the epic Ramayana
Saving the world
from disorder, maintaining dharma