Geographical and Linguistic Features of the Subcontinent
1. Relative location
a. Latitude with
2. Three Regions:
1. Himalayas (Karakoram in west, average 22K, highest is Everest 29K, second highest is K2 at 28K)
2. Indo-Gangetic Plain
a. Punjab – Area of five rivers feeding the Indus
b. Doab – Area around the Yamuna and Ganges
3. Deccan Plateau
(4) Western and
Eastern Ghats (ave 3.5K, highest 7K)
a. Seasonal cycle:†
4. Linguistic Features
a. Indo-Aryan (a branch of the Indo-European language family), such as Bengali, Hindi-Urdu, Gujarāti, Persian, and Punjabi, are prevalent in northern and central India and most of Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh.
b. Dravidian languages are more commonly spoken in the south, the most widely spoken being Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam.
c. Other languages spoken in the region belong to the Sino-Tibetan and Austro-Asiatic language families, and English is often used as a trade language.