1. The Hindu epics and Dharma
· Vishnu the preserver, protector of dharma: Rama, Krishna
· Warrior Kings and sacred dharma: sacrifice, heroism, penance, devotion.
Their foes and
adharma, chaos – spiritual victory over evil
2. The Problem: Arjuna’s dilemma
· How is Arjuna’s problem everyone’s problem?
abandon our worldly work to attain liberation?
3. Krishna’s response:
· Allows Arjuna to distinguish between his limited realm of personal and social concerns/larger, universal order of things
· Why should Arjuna focus on the self when he goes into battle?
· What’s wrong with sacrifice? So why act at all?
1. How shall I act?
2. How to avoid karma? Niskamakarma
devotion important to attaining liberation?
purge his mind of attachments and dedicate the fruits of his actions to
Krishna. This way he can continue to act
in a world of pain without suffering despair.
The core of devotion to Krishna is discipline (yoga), which enables the
warrior to control his passions and become a man of discipline (yogi).
The duties of
life can be performed in a new spirit that prevents the acquisition of karma
and makes them a means of liberation rather than bondage.
not the action itself, binds us to acts and their impurity. Perform your duties
as required and as a service to God, with no desire for personal gain: no
karma, no ties deepened, no rebirth.
· Metaphysics and philosophy of the Upanishads adapted to the religious needs of a civil society.