God of paradox – Dharma &
moksha. Householder & ascetic
a. Transformation of the ascetic ideal: assimilated into the householder ideology (ashramas; Gita)
b. The emphasis in Shaivism is on asceticism, but it developes in ways that assert both asceticism and householding as two parts of a dynamic process that sustains the entire universe.
A union of opposites.