Terms and Questions:

The Crisis of Vedic Civilization and the Upanishads





1.    Jnanamarga

2.    Karmamarga

3.    Upanishads

4.    Jnana

5.    Samsara

6.    Guru

7.    Chela




1.    How does Trautman characterize the “crisis of Vedic civilization” and what significance does it have for India’s religious history?


2.    How is the sacrifice thought of differently in the Upanishads


3.    What form of “knowledge” is valued in the Upanishads and in what way is it “secret”?


4.    How does Kinsley characterize the “new path” that we find in the final Vedas and how does it differ from what cam before?