Five Pillars of Islam
The profession of faith
- “There is no God but God, and
Muhammad is his apostle"
- “Allahu akbar"
“Greater is God” than all that could be compared with Him.
- Declared publicly, in company
of believers, many times a day
- At least five times a
- Very specific formula:
We have seen thee turning thy face about
in the heaven; now We will surely turn thee
to a direction that will satisfy thee.
Turn thy face toward the Holy Mosque [in Mecca];
wherever you are, turn your faces toward it. (2:144)
attention of the One who gives meaning and direction to life
prostration, forehead to earth = total submission to their creator
intimate conversation with God; intentions, words, actions all known, seen,
accepted by God.
- Mosque = masjid
("place of prostration")
- Friday is a day of public
- Often only men are allowed to
pray at mosque, women pray at home.
When women are allowed to pray in the mosque, men and women are
The Ramadan fast
- Ninth month of the Islamic
lunar calendar, when M first received his revelations
- Daily fast, between first
light and darkness - if health permits.
No food, drink, tobacco, sexual activity
- The purpose is to fast from
sympathy for the poor, give to the poor what one would have eaten. Fasting is also important for one’s
- Id al-fitr is the Festival of
the Breaking of the Fast, 3 days of feasting and rejoicing
- A Muslim must give part of
worldly wealth to people in need and to further Truth. Those who have received abundance
should respond with gratitude, and in imitation of God. Social responsibility of the believer.
Gratitude to the Giver of all good things.
are meant to donate 2.5 percent of their total income
Pilgrimage to Mecca
- Pilgrims wear special gown,
don't shave or cut their hair.
This sets them apart from ordinary lives
- In the 12th lunar month:
arrive, bath, enter Grand Mosque in Mecca
- The Ka’bah is a cube-shaped
building at center of the sanctuary.
Circumambulate the Ka’bah
- Externally, hajj is a great unifier;
internally it entails an interior journey
- Id al-fitr